The term cybernetics derived from the Greek word kybernates, meaning “steerman.” It was first introduced by Norbert Wiener, in 1948. He used it to describe a new science which combined the theories of communications and control.
Wiener believed that cybernetics has the capacity to encompass the human mind, body and the world of technology. By combining all three simultaneously we would have control and communication (Featherstone and Burrows, 2000).
Cybernetics is the science of control and communication in the animal and the machine (Hook, 2004). Cybernetics is focusing on not what the machine is, but what the machine does. It has been recognised that there are similarities in biological and mechanical systems so researchers have pursued the idea of merging biological and mechanical systems together. Thus, cybernetics have taken on the meaning of adding prostheses to human or animal body to either replace lost function or augment biological activity (Hook, 2004).
Featherstone, Mike and Burrows, Roger (2000), Cyberspace/Cyberbodies/Cyberpunk: Cultures of Technological Embodiment, SAGE Publications, London.
Hook, Christopher (2004). Cybernetics. In S. G. Post (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Bioethics (3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 533-537). New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=griffith&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CCX3402500123&sid=summon&asid=d7c21cabe4c4ffe236451e37df5af43f